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9 result(s) found

Brain Malformations


A Salivary Transcriptomic Approach to Drug Discovery for Neonatal Seizures

Neonatal seizures have developmentally unique and heterogeneous disease mechanisms that differ from epilepsies seen in older populations. Anti-seizure drug discovery has had limited success over the decades to improve treatment of neonatal seizures. A knowledge gap exists in the molecular mechanisms responsible for neonatal seizures, limiting anti-seizure therapeutic targets unique to this population. Our study goal is to identify unique molecular networks and pathways responsible for neonatal seizures by salivary gene expression analyses, so that we may identify novel drug therapies to improve outcomes in this vulnerable population.

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Brain Tumors


A Phase II Trial of Nifurtimox for Refractory or Relapsed Neuroblastoma or Medulloblastoma

This study is being done to test the effect of a drug, nifurtimox, against neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma in children. Nifurtimox is a drug that has been used in South America for many years to treat a parasitic disease known as Chagas Disease. It is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration for routine use in neuroblastoma or medulloblastoma in the United States, but the FDA is allowing it to be used in research studies like this one. Limited early observations, suggest that nifurtimox may have anti-tumor activity for neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma. We do not know whether nifurtimox will shrink/kill tumor cells effectively in children. Therefore, the major goal of the study is to learn if nifurtimox in combination with other common chemotherapy drugs is effective in shrinking/killing neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma cells. We will also be collecting information about any side effects that the drug may have.

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Crohn's Disease


A Long-Term Non-Invasive Registry to Assess Safety and Effectiveness of HUMIRA® (Adalimumab) in Pediatric Patients with Moderately to Severly Active Crohn’s Disease

To find out more about children with Crohn’s Disease (CD) to help doctors improve the care of patients with this disease.

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Developmental Disabilities


A Salivary Transcriptomic Approach to Drug Discovery for Neonatal Seizures

Neonatal seizures have developmentally unique and heterogeneous disease mechanisms that differ from epilepsies seen in older populations. Anti-seizure drug discovery has had limited success over the decades to improve treatment of neonatal seizures. A knowledge gap exists in the molecular mechanisms responsible for neonatal seizures, limiting anti-seizure therapeutic targets unique to this population. Our study goal is to identify unique molecular networks and pathways responsible for neonatal seizures by salivary gene expression analyses, so that we may identify novel drug therapies to improve outcomes in this vulnerable population.

More

Medulloblastoma


A Phase II Trial of Nifurtimox for Refractory or Relapsed Neuroblastoma or Medulloblastoma

This study is being done to test the effect of a drug, nifurtimox, against neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma in children. Nifurtimox is a drug that has been used in South America for many years to treat a parasitic disease known as Chagas Disease. It is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration for routine use in neuroblastoma or medulloblastoma in the United States, but the FDA is allowing it to be used in research studies like this one. Limited early observations, suggest that nifurtimox may have anti-tumor activity for neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma. We do not know whether nifurtimox will shrink/kill tumor cells effectively in children. Therefore, the major goal of the study is to learn if nifurtimox in combination with other common chemotherapy drugs is effective in shrinking/killing neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma cells. We will also be collecting information about any side effects that the drug may have.

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Nephrotic Syndrome


Practice patterns and outcomes of ACTHar use in children with nephrotic syndrome

This is a registry study which will collect safety health information from children 6 months to 21 years of age with nephrotic syndrome of any cause, and treated with ACTHar therapy. All the data collection will take place during the routine hospital visits. There is no additional visits and invasive procedures for this study.

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Neuroblastoma


A Phase II Trial of Nifurtimox for Refractory or Relapsed Neuroblastoma or Medulloblastoma

This study is being done to test the effect of a drug, nifurtimox, against neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma in children. Nifurtimox is a drug that has been used in South America for many years to treat a parasitic disease known as Chagas Disease. It is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration for routine use in neuroblastoma or medulloblastoma in the United States, but the FDA is allowing it to be used in research studies like this one. Limited early observations, suggest that nifurtimox may have anti-tumor activity for neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma. We do not know whether nifurtimox will shrink/kill tumor cells effectively in children. Therefore, the major goal of the study is to learn if nifurtimox in combination with other common chemotherapy drugs is effective in shrinking/killing neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma cells. We will also be collecting information about any side effects that the drug may have.

More

Seizures


A Salivary Transcriptomic Approach to Drug Discovery for Neonatal Seizures

Neonatal seizures have developmentally unique and heterogeneous disease mechanisms that differ from epilepsies seen in older populations. Anti-seizure drug discovery has had limited success over the decades to improve treatment of neonatal seizures. A knowledge gap exists in the molecular mechanisms responsible for neonatal seizures, limiting anti-seizure therapeutic targets unique to this population. Our study goal is to identify unique molecular networks and pathways responsible for neonatal seizures by salivary gene expression analyses, so that we may identify novel drug therapies to improve outcomes in this vulnerable population.

More

Strabismus


Do Strabismus Measurements Change After Pupil Dilation and Cycloplegia in Children

The aim of our investigation is to determine whether strabismus measurements change significantly after dilation whit cyclopentolate ophthalmic drops in children. The impetus for this study is a recent report published in the American Journal of Ophthalmology, which concluded that in adults, strabismus measurements do not significantly change after dilation with tropicamide and phenylephrine. We would like to replicate this study in a pediatric population with cyclopentolate.

In a hospital or clinical learning institution, there may be multiple clinicians who evaluate a pediatric patient. Because so much of strabismus management is predicated upon the results of cover testing, it is common to ask the attending to repeat the measurement, based on the belief that strabismus measurements can change after dilation. If the results of the aforementioned report were applied to the pediatric population, it could dramatically affect the current standard of care. We want to ensure providers are using the most accurate measurements in their treatment of eye turn.

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