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Bone Marrow Transplant


A Single-arm, Prospective Study of Remestemcel-L, Ex-vivo Cultured Adult Human Mesenchymal Stromal Cells, for the Treatment of Pediatric Patients who Have Failed to Respond to Steroid Treatment for Acute GVHD

The main purpose of the study is to find out about whether the study drug, Remestemcel-L, is safe in humans and an effective product in pediatric patients with acute Graft versus Host Disease (GVHD). GVHD may occur after a bone marrow or stem cell transplant in which someone receives bone marrow tissue or cells from a donor (called an allogeneic transplant). The new, transplanted cells attack the recipient's body (the host) because they regard it as foreign.

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Brain Tumors


A Phase II Trial of Nifurtimox for Refractory or Relapsed Neuroblastoma or Medulloblastoma

This study is being done to test the effect of a drug, nifurtimox, against neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma in children. Nifurtimox is a drug that has been used in South America for many years to treat a parasitic disease known as Chagas Disease. It is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration for routine use in neuroblastoma or medulloblastoma in the United States, but the FDA is allowing it to be used in research studies like this one. Limited early observations, suggest that nifurtimox may have anti-tumor activity for neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma. We do not know whether nifurtimox will shrink/kill tumor cells effectively in children. Therefore, the major goal of the study is to learn if nifurtimox in combination with other common chemotherapy drugs is effective in shrinking/killing neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma cells. We will also be collecting information about any side effects that the drug may have.

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Ependymoma


ACNS0831: Phase III Randomized Trial of Post-Radiation Chemotherapy in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Ependymoma Ages 1 to 21 years

This study is being done to evaluate what effects, if any, chemotherapy can have when added to the standard of care for this type of cancer. The current standard of care for this type of cancer is a surgery, to remove as much of the tumor as possible, followed by radiation. It will look at if chemotherapy, when added to the standard of care, affects the cancer from coming back.

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GVHD


A Single-arm, Prospective Study of Remestemcel-L, Ex-vivo Cultured Adult Human Mesenchymal Stromal Cells, for the Treatment of Pediatric Patients who Have Failed to Respond to Steroid Treatment for Acute GVHD

The main purpose of the study is to find out about whether the study drug, Remestemcel-L, is safe in humans and an effective product in pediatric patients with acute Graft versus Host Disease (GVHD). GVHD may occur after a bone marrow or stem cell transplant in which someone receives bone marrow tissue or cells from a donor (called an allogeneic transplant). The new, transplanted cells attack the recipient's body (the host) because they regard it as foreign.

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Leukemia


A Randomized Trial of Levofloxacin to Prevent Bacteremia in Children Being Treated for Acute Leukemia (AL) or Undergoing Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT)

This study looks at how well an antibiotic prophylaxis, called levofloxacin, can prevent bacterial infection from developing in children and young adults receiving intensive cancer treatment or a stem cell transplant. The levofloxacin drug which prevents bacterial infection is experimental.

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AALL0932:  Treatment of Patients with Newly Diagnosed Standard Risk B-Precursor Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)

This is a protocol for people with newly diagnosed Standard Risk Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. The study is broken up into parts. Each part of the study will be exploring different phases of chemotherapy such as Induction, Post-Induction, and Maintenance. In each phase of the study, researchers will be testing different experimental drug regimens versus standard treatments to see which one works better. Additionally, participants will be grouped based on their risk level and may receive different  chemotherapy regimens based on their risk.

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AALL1131: A Phase III Randomized Trial for Newly Diagnosed High Risk B-Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Testing Clofarabine (IND# 73789, NSC# 606869) in the Very High Risk Stratum

This study will look at how effective different combinations of chemotherapy are a preventing acute lymphoblastic leukemia from coming back.

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AALL1231: A Phase III Randomized Trial Investigating Bortezomib (NSC# 681239; IND# 58443) on a Modified Augmented BFM (ABFM) Backbone in Newly Diagnosed T- Lymphoblastic Leukemia (T-ALL) and T- Lymphoblastic Lymphoma (T-LLy)

The aims of this study are to improve treatment for T-Lymphoblastic Leukemia (T-ALL) and T-Lymphoblastic Lymphoma (T-LLy). We want to see if adding bortezomib to the standard treatment reduces the chance that the cancer will come back.

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Response-Based Chemotherapy in Treating Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia or Myelodysplastic Syndrome in Younger Patients With Down Syndrome

  1. To find out if subjects with down syndrome and standard risk acute myeloid leukemia can be treated with less treatment and still have successful outcomes.
  2. To find out if subjects with down syndrome and high risk acute myeloid leukemia can be successfully treated with stronger chemotherapy.

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Risk-Stratified Randomized Phase III Testing of Blinatumomab (IND#117467, NSC#765986) in First Relapse of Childhood B-Lymphoblastic Leukemia (B-ALL)

This randomized phase III trial compares how well blinatumomab works compared with standard combination chemotherapy in treating patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia that has returned after a period of improvement (relapsed). Monoclonal antibodies, such as blinatumomab, can block cancer growth by finding cancer cells and helping to kill them or carrying cancer-killing substances to them. It is not yet known whether standard combination chemotherapy is more effective than blinatumomab in treating relapsed B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

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Lymphomas


AALL1231: A Phase III Randomized Trial Investigating Bortezomib (NSC# 681239; IND# 58443) on a Modified Augmented BFM (ABFM) Backbone in Newly Diagnosed T- Lymphoblastic Leukemia (T-ALL) and T- Lymphoblastic Lymphoma (T-LLy)

The aims of this study are to improve treatment for T-Lymphoblastic Leukemia (T-ALL) and T-Lymphoblastic Lymphoma (T-LLy). We want to see if adding bortezomib to the standard treatment reduces the chance that the cancer will come back.

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Medulloblastoma


A Phase II Trial of Nifurtimox for Refractory or Relapsed Neuroblastoma or Medulloblastoma

This study is being done to test the effect of a drug, nifurtimox, against neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma in children. Nifurtimox is a drug that has been used in South America for many years to treat a parasitic disease known as Chagas Disease. It is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration for routine use in neuroblastoma or medulloblastoma in the United States, but the FDA is allowing it to be used in research studies like this one. Limited early observations, suggest that nifurtimox may have anti-tumor activity for neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma. We do not know whether nifurtimox will shrink/kill tumor cells effectively in children. Therefore, the major goal of the study is to learn if nifurtimox in combination with other common chemotherapy drugs is effective in shrinking/killing neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma cells. We will also be collecting information about any side effects that the drug may have.

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Neuroblastoma


A Phase II Trial of Nifurtimox for Refractory or Relapsed Neuroblastoma or Medulloblastoma

This study is being done to test the effect of a drug, nifurtimox, against neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma in children. Nifurtimox is a drug that has been used in South America for many years to treat a parasitic disease known as Chagas Disease. It is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration for routine use in neuroblastoma or medulloblastoma in the United States, but the FDA is allowing it to be used in research studies like this one. Limited early observations, suggest that nifurtimox may have anti-tumor activity for neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma. We do not know whether nifurtimox will shrink/kill tumor cells effectively in children. Therefore, the major goal of the study is to learn if nifurtimox in combination with other common chemotherapy drugs is effective in shrinking/killing neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma cells. We will also be collecting information about any side effects that the drug may have.

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ANBL1232: Utilizing Response and Biology-Based Risk Factors to Guide Therapy in Patients with Non-High-Risk Neuroblastoma: A Groupwide Historically Controlled Phase III Study

In this study we are using new biologic features, in addition to the standard risk factors, to help decide which subjects need treatment and what the best treatment is. People with non-high-risk NBL generally respond well to treatment and the majority of patients can be treated successfully with standard therapy. But standard therapy can include risks from surgery and/or side effects from chemotherapy.Based on the evaluation of non-high-risk NBL patients treated in the past, we think that we can change the amount of therapy for subjects and still treat the cancer successfully. Small studies have shown that some subjects can be watched without having surgery or getting chemotherapy and still have an excellent outcome. By not having surgery or lowering the amount of chemotherapy we hope to prevent complications and harmful side effects. For other subjects we think a change in therapy will treat the cancer more successfully.

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NMTT: Neuroblastoma Maintenance Therapy Trial Using Difluoromethylornithine (DFMO)

The purpose of this research study is to evaluate an investigational drug (DFMO) for Neuroblastoma that is in remission. Remission means that there are no current signs of active cancer. An investigational drug is one that has not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This study will look at the ability of this study drug to keep neuroblastoma in remission and will also look at the safety and tolerability of DFMO.

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